June 1 U.S. Hogs and Pigs Report Glass Half Empty and/or Glass Half Full

Jim Long's Pork Commentary

Pork Commentary, June 29th, 2020
Jim Long, President-CEO, Genesus Inc.

The June 1 USDA Hogs and Pigs Report had what in our opinion some interesting numbers.

June 1 Pigs Inventory (1,000 head)
 201920202020 as percent of 2019
Kept/breeding 6,4106,32699
Market Hogs and Pigs by weight group 
Under 50 pounds 22,21022,160100
50-119 pounds19,69320,370103
120-179 pounds14,39616,090112
180 pounds and over13,01714,687113
 201920202020 as percent of 2019
Sows Farrowing (1,000 head)
March 1 to May3,1333,172101
June 1 to Aug *3,2753,12395
Sept 1 to Nov *3,2653,09095
Pig Crop (1,000 head)
March 1 to May34,45434.933101
Pigs per Litter
March 1 to May1111.01100

Some Observations

The breeding herd is shown being down 1% but farrowing intentions are down 5%. The two numbers don’t align. Being optimistic we will go with the 5% lower farrowing. If that is the case and assuming no litter size increase like in the last quarter, drop last year’s Pig Crop June–Nov by 5% that’s 72,575,000 x 5% = 3,628,750 fewer pigs or 140,000 less a week. A significant decrease.

We have a hard time figuring the 50,000 sow herd drop in the last quarter. Sow slaughter was 90,000 more in the quarter than the same year before. We know of many farms that liquidated. We know gilt sales decreased. No doubt gilt retention decreased. Sow mortality was not abated. The 1% drop in sow inventory doesn’t jibe with 5% less farrowing intentions.

The quarter before Dec 1-Feb sow herd decreased 96,000, but only 50,000 this last quarter with all hell breaking loose in the last ninety days? Hard to comprehend. We expect the sow herd is declining each and every day.

The USDA Report indicates over 1.6 million more hogs than a year ago over 180 pounds. Certainly feasible but certainly isn’t the 7 million some were speaking of.

The number we can’t figure is the 1.6 million (+12%) head more this year than last in the 120-179 pound range. Where did these come from? Who has been slowing up these pigs? These pigs would’ve been in the March Report under 50-pound range and that was a plus 4%. Can’t figure this one.

Other Observations

Pigs under 50 pounds in June 1 report are the same as last year.

Packers are out offering new contracts. We haven’t seen that for a while. Indicates to us they want to lock up hogs in a supply program at prices more to their advantage versus when hog supply gets tighter.

What we don’t understand is if hogs are backed up why are Packers calling producers to get hogs? Not everywhere but in some places. The old adage “who’s calling who” comes to mind. Producers recently weren’t calling but begging to get hogs in.

Some people have said recent sow slaughter has been inflated by large market hogs. Last year sows averaged 304 lbs. carcass weight. This year April – 305 lbs., May – 303 lbs. You would expect a big number of large market hogs in sow slaughter would pull down average sow weights. 

All barns aren’t full. We know of a large site of almost 20,000 spaces that was empty. On Friday were told if we wanted some empty barns we could get. Biggest question, who has the capital and courage to own the pigs.

Last Thursday the avg weight on the National Daily Carcass Report was 210.95 lbs., down 2 lbs. from the week before. We continue to have a hard time understanding how the average weight of hogs continue to drop if hogs are backed up. The weight has dropped 10 lbs. since May. The weights are also lower than the same time a year ago by 1-2 lbs. 

Packers continue to ramp up production. Last week getting to 472,000 head on Friday and 2,641,000 for the week. Weekly slaughter was significantly higher than a year ago with 250,000 more hogs. The first time year over year any significance for several weeks. This might explain the weights declining fast but then again if hogs backed up, what gives?

Lean Hog Futures – the trades had a good pounding down hogs on Friday. They focused on the backed-up numbers and minimal decrease in the breeding herd.


June Hogs and Pigs Report did next to nothing to support the market. It will continue to be a tough slog until market numbers come down. We expect continued liquidation.